Public transportation in Brazil gets a lot of criticism in just about every state. But which are the worst aspects and what to do to improve them? Are there any positive aspects? What is the best way for Brazilians to get around? Does the general population know and worry about the negative effects that burning fossil fuels has on the environment? To understand these and other questions about urban mobility in Brazil and public opinion about means of transportation in general, the Institute for Climate and Society contracted IDEIA Big Data to complete a deep study on the topic.
“The objective was to reproduce a North American public opinion survey about petroleum, fuel for transportation and the environment, including information about urban mobility, new modalities and times to get around within cities. This was the first time a study of this depth was carried out on the topic in Brazil,” highlights the president of IDEIA Big Data, Maurício Moura.
In order to accurately represent public opinion, IDEIA interviewed 3 thousand people throughout Brazil by phone, with quotas in regards to gender and age according to local population distributions. “The negative views that people have in relation to the bus, train and subway companies, beyond the feeling of insecurity and lack of comfort, was justified when 30% of interviewees said that travelling by car was the best means of transportation, followed by bus (19%) and bike (16%),” highlights Maurício.
The study showed that 57% of interviewees considered bus companies in a negative or very negative light. For 85%, the bus fleets needed renovation; 84% viewed new construction of bike paths favorably; and 82% wanted more investment in trains and subways.
Another point of interest is that only 30% considered increased fees for cars that burn gas or diesel in a positive light, and 34% similarly were in favor of new tolls to incentivize carpooling. “The work completed by IDEIA Big Data was essential for deepening our understanding of Brazilian public opinion in relation to the questions of urban mobility and fossil fuels, revealing how the population views public transportation, cars, gas, and what they hope and want from public policy in the sector. The quality of the research also helped us initiate an international dialogue. The United States and China have already done similar surveys,” concluded the coordinator of Transport at the Climate and Society Institute, Walter Figueiredo De Simoni.